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Cockroaches

Pest Facts

  
 

Cockroaches are one of the most common problematic household pests and among the hardiest insects on the planet. Roaches feed on human and pet food, and can leave an offensive odor. Cockroaches can transport microbes on their body surfaces including those that are dangerous to humans, particularly in environments such as hospitals, restaurants, and schools. Cockroaches have been reported to spread several kinds of bacteria, parasitic worms, and many other types of human pathogens.

Some species of roaches are capable of remaining active for weeks without food and can survive on limited resources like the glue from the back of a stamp. Cockroaches can adapt to a variety of environments, but prefer warmer conditions found within buildings. Cockroaches leave chemical trails in their feces and emit airborne pheromones for swarming and mating. These chemical trails transmit bacteria on all types of surfaces. Other cockroaches will follow these trails to discover sources of food and water, and also discover where other cockroaches are hiding. Thus, cockroaches can exhibit group or swarm behavior from a simple set of individual interactions. Cockroaches are mostly nocturnal and will run when exposed to light.

General preventive measures against cockroaches include keeping food stored in sealed containers, using garbage cans with a tight lid, frequent cleaning in the kitchen, and regular vacuuming. Any water leaks or dripping taps should also be repaired. All entry points should be sealed off, such as holes around baseboards, in between cabinets, pipes, doors, and windows, using steel wool or copper mesh and some cement, putty, or silicone caulk.

About 30 species out of 4,500 total are associated with human habitations and about four species are well known as pests. Among the best-known pest species are the American cockroach, the German cockroach, the Asian cockroach and the Oriental cockroach. Tropical cockroaches are often much bigger than the modern Cockroaches


Did You Know ?

  • Cockroaches have been around since the time of dinosaurs
  • A cockroach can live almost a month without food
  • A cockroach can live about two weeks without water
  • Some female cockroaches only mate once and stay pregnant for life
  • A cockroach can live for up to one week without its head
  • Cockroaches can hold their breath for up to 40 minutes
  • Cockroaches can run up to 3 miles an hour
  • Cockroaches can survive nuclear attack!

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